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Wood CNC Machine Basics - The Beginner's Guide

Are you looking forward to build or buy affordable CNC routers for woodworking with any budget in USA, UK, UAE, Canada, Australia, Russia, South Africa, China, India or other countries from Asia, Europe, North America, South America, Africa, and Oceania? Review the 2021 best CNC wood router buyer's guide for woodworkers, woodworking machinists, wood fabricators, operators, craftsman and beginners, we'll offer you the best wood CNC machines of 2021 with custom wood CNC router machine service to fit your CNC woodworking plans, projects, and ideas in home shop, small business, school education or industrial manufacturing.

What Is A CNC Wood Router? - Definition

A CNC wood router is a type of automatic wood CNC router machine with Computer Numerical Controlled for smart 2D/3D cutting, carving, routing, milling, drilling and grooving on most popular woodworking, including wood crafts, wood arts, wood signs making, cabinet making, wood door making, wood gifts, wood toys, wood modeling, decorations, wardrobe and other wood furniture making. A CNC wood router machine is composed of CNC controller, machine frame, gantry, spindles, CNC operating system, CNC software, driver, motor, ball screw, guide rail, T-slot table or vacuum table, vacuum pump, power supply, limit switch, collet, rack, pinion and more CNC router parts & accessories. A CNC wood router kit is also known as wood CNC machine, wood CNC router, CNC woodworking router, woodworking CNC router, woodworking CNC machine, wood CNC carver, wood CNC engraver, wood CNC cutter, wood CNC table, CNC wood machine, CNC wood table, CNC wood engraver, CNC wood carver, CNC wood cutter, CNC wood routing machine, CNC wood carving machine, CNC wood cutting machine, CNC woodworking machine, CNC router for woodworking, CNC woodworking tool.

How Does A Wood CNC Machine Work? - Working Principle

A wood CNC machine adopts the computer to realize digital program control, and executes the control program stored in advance through the computer to realize the machine's motion control, timing, logic and other functions, so as to control the equipment to complete the automatic woodworking.

The functional software with any CNC router machine is CAD/CAM software. CAD software allows users to create the designs they wish to work on a woodworking CNC router machine. After completing this design, the CAM software will convert the design into a tool path code that the wood CNC machine can understand. Then, the computer converts this code into a signal that controls the movement of the drive system of the woodworking CNC machine. The drive system includes a spindle, which is the part that saves the actual CNC routing machine position. The spindle rotates 8,000 to 50,000 times per minute to cut the material. In short, the user creates a design and uses the software to make instructions for the CNC woodworking machine.

3 axis CNC wood router machine cuts along three axes at the same time: X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis. Cutting along the X axis makes the drill bit of the woodworking CNC machine move from front to back, cutting along the Y axis makes it move from left to right, and cutting along the Z axis makes it move up and down. These wood CNC machines are mainly used to cut 2D flat woodworking projects. Compared with 3 axis CNC router machine, 5 axis CNC router machine can cut along two additional axes. These wood CNC machines can cut five sides of a piece of material at the same time, thereby expanding the capabilities and flexibility of operators. Unlike their 3-axis counterparts, these CNC wood cutting machines are usually used to cut large 3D woodworking projects. In addition, 5 axis wood CNC machines have a higher gantry and a longer X-axis, which allows them to cut larger woodworking projects. However, if the gantry is higher and the X-axis is longer, the accuracy and stability of these CNC wood engraving machines will be worse. For proper quality control, the height of the gantry and the length of the X-axis should be limited as much as possible. Although wood CNC routers look like simple machines, they are highly complex technologies and require a certain amount of expertise to operate. 5 axis CNC wood carving machines tend to be more expensive than traditional 3 axis CNC wood carving machines, but ultimately provide greater flexibility, allowing users to use their designs more creatively.

How Many Types Of Wood CNC Machines? - DIY Guide

What types of wood CNC machines are right for your business? Review the different types of CNC router machines that are used in woodworking.

Types of Table: 2x3 CNC wood router tables, 2x4 CNC wood router tables, 4x4 CNC wood router tables, 4x6 CNC wood router tables, 4x8 CNC wood router tables, 5x10 CNC wood router tables, 6x12 CNC wood router tables.

Types of Application: Home wood CNC machines, Desktop wood CNC machines, 3D wood CNC machines, Hobby wood CNC machines, Industrial wood CNC machines.

Types of Axis: 3 axis CNC wood routers, rotary axis CNC wood routers, 4th axis CNC wood routers, 4 axis CNC wood routers, 5 axis CNC wood routers.

What Are CNC Wood Routers Used For? - Applications

CNC wood routers are the most common CNC router machines for woodworking in industrial manufacturing, small business, small shop, home business, home shop, school education, craftsman, and hobbyists.

1. Furniture Making: cabinet making, door making, home doors, cabinet doors, cupboard doors, interior doors, sofa legs, table legs, spindles, screens, corners, headboards, antique furniture, art furnitures, office furnitures, wood furnitures, MDF projects, wood arts, wood crafts, composite gates, wave plate making.

2. Advertising.

3. Die Making.

4. Hollow Woodworks.

5. Relief Carvings.

6. Wood Cylinders.

7. 3D Woodworking Projects.

8. Sign Making.

9. Custom Woodworking Plans.

Technical Parameters - Specification Guide

BrandSTYLECNC
ModelsSTM6090, STM1212, STM1218, STM1224, STM1325, STM1530, STM2030, STM2040, STM25120
Table Sizes2' x 3', 2' x 4', 4' x 4', 4' x 6', 4' x 8', 5' x 10', 6' x 12'
MaterialsHardwood (Solid Wood), MDF (Medium-Density Fiberboard), Plywood, Particleboard, Wood Veneer
Axis3 Axis, 4th Axis, 4 Axis, 5 Axis
Capability2D Machining, 2.5D Machining, 3D Machining
Control SoftwareType3, Ucancam, Artcam, Alphacam, Cabinet Vision
Operating SystemMach3, Nc-studio, Syntec, DSP, Siemens, Nk200, Nk260, NK300
Price Range$2,580.00 - $38,000.00

How Much Does A CNC Wood Router Cost?

If you want to buy a wood CNC machine, you may wonder how much does a CNC wood router cost? how to get a final price? According to different CNC woodworking machine configurations, you will get the wood CNC router machine cost from $2,580.00 to $38,000.00. If you have an idea to buy a CNC wood carving machine overseas, the fee of customs clearance, tax, and shipping costs should be included in the final price.

Pick Up Your Budget - Pricing Guide

Table Size

Minimum PriceMaximum PriceAverage Price
2' x 2'$2,380.00$30,00.00$2,680.00
2' x 3'$2,580.00$35,00.00$2,780.00
2' x 4'$3,000.00$20,000.00$3,600.00
4' x 4'$3,680.00$4,500.00$3,980.00
4' x 8'$4,580.00$12,700.00$5,680.00
5' x 10'$5,080.00$13,600.00$6,080.00
6' x 12'$5,600.00$15,000.00$6,580.00

How To Choose A Wood CNC Router Controller?

Computer CNC Controller

That is, by installing a control card on the PCI slot of the computer motherboard, and installing a CNC router software driver on the computer to control the walking of the CNC wood cutting machine's X, Y, Z axis and the rotation of the spindle motor, the processing effect can be previewed, and you can see it at any time To the processing track, if the program loading error can be corrected in time. The computer CNC controller has a humanized interface, simple and convenient operation, complete functions, and high program compatibility. Various CAM software can be imported directly or indirectly.

Handle DSP Controller

That is, you can control the movement of the CNC woodworking machine in your hand. It saves space and does not occupy a computer; the disadvantage is that the operation is relatively troublesome, after all, all functions are integrated on a control panel, and it is easy to press the wrong function keys if the operation is unskilled. It is widely used with various CNC wood carving machines (including four-axis linkage) without occupying a separate computer, which greatly reduces the footprint of the equipment and is more convenient for tool setting. The disadvantage is that there is no preview and other functions, and the interface is not as intuitive as a computer.

All-In-One CNC Controller

Independent integrated design, using industrial computer, PLC and other integrated control, rich interfaces, complete functions, can realize multi-axis control and automatic tool change. Mainly used for high-end CNC wood carving machines, CNC woodworking machining centers, and some CNC milling machines, the anti-interference ability of the control system, as well as all aspects of performance, control accuracy and more, which are better than other types. The system is integrated in the CNC operating system. It is not the mainstream, but it is the mainstream of the all-in-one type in the woodworking CNC machine controller. The disadvantage is that the price is high and the operability tends to be CNC wood cutting machine. For some customers, the operation is not as simple as the former.

How To Choose The Best CNC Router Bits For Wood?

In CNC woodworking, many details can affect the quality, accuracy and appearance of the final woodworking project, especially the choice of CNC router tools for woodworking. Choosing the right tool according to different processing materials and different machining processes is an important factor to ensure fast and efficient production. So what kinds of CNC router bits for woodworking are divided into? What kind of woodworking is suitable for each CNC bit?

1. Flat bottom router bits, also called column router bits, mainly rely on the side edge for carving, and the bottom edge is mainly used for flat polishing. The end face of the head of the column router bit is large, and the working efficiency is high. It is mainly used for contour cutting, milling plane, area rough carving, surface rough carving, etc.

2. Straight router bit is also a relatively common one, which is often used to carve large characters. The edge of the material cut by it is straight, which is generally used for PVC and acrylic cutting to make characters.

3. Milling cutter is the most common tool in CNC wood carving machine processing. Milling cutters are divided into many types according to their shapes. For example, double-edged spiral milling cutters used when cutting acrylic and MDF, single-edged spiral ball-end milling cutters for large deep relief processing of cork, MDF, solid wood, and acrylic. It is a prismatic milling cutter used when making high-density boards, solid wood doors, and furniture. Of course, many tool manufacturers will also make special tools according to the special requirements of many customers, such as large chip-removing spiral milling cutters that are more suitable for cutting density boards and chip removal. The round bottom cutter is more suitable for precision small relief carving.

4. Ball end router bit, the cutting edge of the ball router bit is arc-shaped, forming a hemisphere during the carving process of the CNC wood cutting machine, the process is evenly stressed and the cutting is stable. So it is especially suitable for curved surface carving, often used for curved surface semi-precision carving and curved surface fine carving. Ball cutters are not suitable for milling planes.

5. Bullnose router bit is a mixture of fluted column router bit and ball end router bit. On the one hand, it has the characteristics of a ball end router bit to carve curved surfaces, and on the other hand, it has the characteristics of a fluted column router bit and can be used for plane milling.

6. Tapered flat bottom router bits, abbreviated as tapered router bits. They have the widest range of applications in the entire carving industry. The bottom edge of the cone router bit, commonly known as the tip, is similar to a column router bit, and can be used for the finishing of small planes. The side edge of the cone router bit is inclined at a certain angle to form an inclined side surface during the carving process. The structural characteristics of the cone router bit can enable it to achieve the unique three-dimensional angle clearing effect of the carving industry. Cone router bits are mainly used for single-line carving, area rough carving, area fine carving, 3D clear angle, projection carving, image gray scale carving, etc.

7. Tapered end mill, referred to as tapered ball nose router bit. It's a mixture of cone milling cutter and ball milling cutter. On the one hand, it has the characteristics of a cone cutter with a small tip, and on the other hand, it has the characteristics of a ball router bit, which can engrave relatively fine curved surfaces. Cone ball router bits are often used for relief surface carving, projection carving, image relief carving, etc.

8. Tapered bullnose router bit is a mixture of cone router bit and bullnose router bit. On the one hand, it has the characteristics of a cone shaped router bit, which can have a smaller tip, engraving and milling relatively fine curved surfaces, and on the other hand, it has a bullnose shaper cutter. Because of its characteristics, the tapered bullnose router bit is often used for relief carving.

9. The V-Groove router bits are designed to cut deep or shallow V-shaped grooves.

10. Drill bits are mainly used for drilling. When the hole is relatively shallow, clearing bottom router bits can be used to drill holes.

How To Buy CNC Routers For Woodworking? - Buying Guide

1. Consult:

We will recommend the most suitable CNC wood cutter to you after being informed by your requirements: The materials you want to carve and cut. The max size of the materials (Length * Width * Thickness).

2. Quotation:

We will offer you with our detail quotation according to the consulted CNC woodworking machine: The best CNC router parts, accessories, bits, tools, and affordable price.

3. Process Evaluation:

Both sides carefully evaluate the details (technical parameters, specifications and business terms) of the order to exclude any misunderstanding.

4. Placing Order:

If you have no doubt, we will send you the PI (Proforma Invoice), then we will sign a contract with you.

5. Production:

We will arrange the CNC wood cutting machine production as soon as receiving your contract and deposit. The latest news about production will be updated and informed to the CNC wood carving machine buyer during the production.

6. Inspection:

The whole CNC wood carving machine production procedure will be under regular inspection and strict quality control. The complete CNC wood engraving machine will be tested to make sure they can work well before out of factory.

7. Delivery:

We will arrange the delivery as the terms in contract after the confirmation by the CNC wood engraving machine buyer.

8. Custom Clearance:

We will supply and deliver all the necessary shipping documents to the CNC wood cutting machine buyer and ensure a smooth customs clearance.

9. Support and Service:

We will offer professional technical support and 24/7 free service by: Phone, Email, Skype, WhatsApp, Online Live Chat, Remote Service. We also have door-to-door service in some areas.

How To Use A CNC Router For Woodworking? - Using Guide

1. Turn On Machine.

Before starting up, it is first to determine that all connections between the CNC wood engraving machine and the computer are normal, and then turn on the power supply of the machine and the computer to enter the CNC system.

2. Mechanical Reset.

After starting the system (the system will judge whether the CNC wood router kit has "returned to the machine origin" before entering the active machining), the "return to machine origin" prompt dialog box will appear first, click the corresponding button, and the CNC wood engraving machine will automatically return to the CNC wood carving machine origin. And proofread the coordinate system.

3. Check I/O Status.

Check the input and output status of each signal, check whether there is a fault signal, to ensure that the wood CNC router machine can process safely.

4. Load CNC File.

Before machining, the user usually needs to load the required CNC file, otherwise all the functions of the active machining are invalid.

Select [File (F)] -> [Open and Load (O)...] menu, a Windows standard file operation dialog box will pop up, and you can select the file to be cut. Perhaps click the right mouse button in the active machining window to pop up a shortcut menu, select [Open and Load (O)...], and select the desired processing file in the pop-up file operation dialog box. Then after clicking the "Open" button, the processing program is loaded into the system. At this moment, you can click on the "Active" window to check the current CNC file.

5. Manual Operation.

a. Display manual operation interface.

Click the [Manual] window with the mouse, a manual operation interface will appear, on this interface, you can manually operate the CNC machine for woodworking.

b. Manually move.

Manual movement can be completed by clicking the corresponding button on the manual operation interface with the mouse. You can also manually move the CNC wood engraving machine through the small number keys on the keyboard. Note that you must first switch the input focus to the manual window. The detailed method is to switch to the manual window first, then click any position of the manual window with the left mouse button, and press the corresponding number key on the keyboard to complete the manual movement.

6. Set Origin of Project.

The origin of X, Y, Z, A coordinates in the CNC programming is the project origin. Before machining, first manually move the wood CNC machine's X, Y, Z, and A axis to the orientation of the project origin desired by the user, and clear the coordinate value of the current orientation in the coordinate window (or select [Operation (O )]->[Set the current point as the origin of the project]), so that the current orientation is used as the origin of the project for machining when the CNC programming is executed.

Demo Video - User Guide

CNC Wood Routers for Sale

(27 Items)

Entry Level Desktop CNC Router with 4th Axis Rotary Table

Model Number: STG6090

Sale Price: $2580.00 to $3000.00

2021 best desktop CNC router with 4th axis rotary table is an entry level CNC router kit designed for for craftsman, home shop, hobby, small business, advertising, woodworking, arts, gifts, crafts, sign making and mold making, now the affordable 4th axis CNC router machine for sale at cost price.

Top Rated 4 Axis CNC Router 1325 with 4x8 Rotary Table

Model Number: STM1325-R3

Sale Price: $5380.00 to $10180.00

Top rated 4 axis CNC router 1325 with 4x8 rotary table (4th axis) is popular used in woodworking, sign making, mold making, arts and crafts, now the best 1325 CNC router for sale at affordable price, free service and support.

Cheap CNC Wood Router Kit for Sale at Low Price

Model Number: STM1325

Sale Price: $4580.00 to $5500.00

STM1325 Cheap CNC wood router kit is a type of flatbed wood CNC machine for beginners with 4x8 combo vacuum and T-slot table top. Let us review and start making an offer at the lowest price for affordable 4x8 wood CNC router kits which make as standard.

2021 Best 4x8 Wood CNC Router Machine for Sale

Model Number: STM1325-R3

Sale Price: $5380.00 to $10180.00

2021 best 4x8 CNC router machine with 48x96 inches table size is used for wood door making, cabinet making, sign making, furniture making, decoration making, 3D craft, 3D art, and other 2D/3D woodworking. Now the best 4x8 wood CNC machine for sale at affordable price.

2021 Best CNC Router Lathe Machine with 4th Rotary Axis for Sale

Model Number: STM1325-R1

Sale Price: $5780.00 to $7000.00

2021 best CNC router lathe machine with rotary axis (4th axis) is designed for 2D/3D CNC woodworking projects, which is also known as CNC lathe router machine. Now the rotary axis CNC router lathe machine for sale at low price.

Affordable 3 Axis CNC Router Kit for Woodworking

Model Number: S1-III

Sale Price: $10800.00 to $13300.00

3 axis CNC router kit for woodworking with X, Y, Z axis and three spindles is a common flatbed woodworking CNC machine used for furniture making, sign making, cabinets making, door making and custom woodworking, now the 3 axis flatbed CNC router for sale at affordable price.

Affordable 4x8 CNC Router Table for Sale at Cost Price

Model Number: S1-IV

Sale Price: $11580.00 to $14380.00

Multi-spindles 4x8 CNC router table is the best wood CNC machine kit with 4 feet by 8 feet working table (48x96 inches or 1300x2500 millimeters) for custom woodworking. Now the affordable 4x8 CNC wood router table for sale at cost price.

Mini CNC Router 6090 with 2x3 Table Size for Sale

Model Number: STG6090

Sale Price: $3000.00 to $3500.00

Mini 6090 CNC router kit with 24x36 inches table size is widely used in small business, home shop, hobbyists, and craftsman for wood, plastic, MDF, PVC, PCB, acrylic, crystal, soft metal materials, etc. Now the mini 2x3 CNC router 6090 for sale at cost price.

Automatic Tool Changer CNC Machining Center for Woodworking

Model Number: STM2130D

Sale Price: $20800.00 to $27000.00

Automatic tool changer CNC machining center is equipped with carousel tool change magazine of 12 tools to improve the working efficiency. All the CNC machining tools can be changed automatically in the working process.

Low Cost Industrial CNC Router Machine for Sale

Model Number: STM2030

Sale Price: $5180.00 to $7200.00

Low cost industrial CNC router machine STM2030 is used for industrial manufacturing of 2D/3D flatbed cutting & carving in woodworking, furniture making, arts, crafts, decorations, door making, cabinet making, aluminum, glass, plastic, foam, acrylic. Now the cheap industrial CNC machine for sale at affordable price.

5x10 CNC Router Machine with Linear Automatic Tool Changer for Sale

Model Number: STM1530C

Sale Price: $14200.00 to $18000.00

5x10 CNC router machine with linear automatic tool changer and 60x120 inches table size is mainly used for woodworking, cabinet making, wood door making, wood furniture production and wood crafts, now the best 5x10 CNC router table for sale with low price.

4 Axis CNC Wood Router with ATC System for Sale at Cost Price

Model Number: STM1325D-4A

Sale Price: $22800.00 to $35000.00

4 axis CNC wood router with ATC system is used for side slot milling, drilling, cutting and keyhole, the 4 axis wood CNC machine adopts 9KW HSD automatic tool changer spindle with 8 position rotary carousel tool holder, which is suitable for processing on different surface.

Economic Automatic Tool Changer CNC Router for Sale

Model Number: STM1325-3T

Sale Price: $7500.00 to $9000.00

Economic automatic tool changer CNC router STM1325-3T operates like an ATC CNC machine with 3 spindles, the middle 4.5KW spindle for cutting, both-sides 3.5KW spindles for carving, it is mainly applied in cabinet making, door making, furniture making.

Disc Automatic Tool Changer CNC Router STM1325D with ATC system

Model Number: STM1325D-ATC

Sale Price: $18000.00 to $23000.00

Disc automatic tool changer CNC router STM1325D with 8 tools ATC system has no need to change tools manually during machining, the ATC CNC router is Intelligent to operate the working process with disc automatic tool changer.

CNC Wood Carving Machine for Wood Furnitures, Tables, Chairs, Doors

Model Number: STM1625D-R1

Sale Price: $20300.00 to $22980.00

CNC wood carving machine with disc ATC system and 4th rotary axis is used for carving and cutting wood furnitures, cabinets, tables, chairs, doors, windows. Now the CNC wood carving machine for sale at affordable price, free service and support.

Dual Spindles Wood CNC Machine with 4x8 Table Size for Sale

Model Number: STM1325-2

Sale Price: $4600.00 to $8800.00

Dual spindles wood CNC machine with 4x8 table size is designed for three dimensional wave plate processing, cupboard doors, wooden doors, window processing, cabinets and panels, computer table and furniture auxiliary processing. Now the 4x8 wood CNC machine for sale at a low price.

3D CNC Router for Woodworking with 4 Axis Rotary and 8 Heads

Model Number: STM25120

Sale Price: $13000.00 to $16000.00

3D CNC router for woodworking with 4 axis rotary and 8 heads is used for 3D carving, relief carving, cylinder carving such as wood crafts, wood arts, buddha statues, table legs, roman columns. The 3D CNC wood router can make 8 workpieces at one time.

2021 Best 4 Axis CNC Router for Sale at Affordable Price

Model Number: STM1325-4A

Sale Price: $22800.00 to $38000.00

2021 best 4 axis CNC router machine is designed for 3D curved surface carving, 4 axis is refer to X-Y-Z-A, X-Y-Z-B or X-Y-Z-C, 4 axis are linked, the four axis can work at the same time. Now the affordable 4 axis CNC router for sale at cost price.

Linear ATC CNC Wood Router with SYNTEC Control System

Model Number: STM1325CH

Sale Price: $20000.00 to $25000.00

Linear ATC CNC wood router with SYNTEC control system is used for decorations, musical instruments, wood crafts, wood furnitures, wood door making, cabinet making, windows, tables, etc. Now the best linear ATC wood CNC router for sale at an affordable price.

Small CNC Router Machine with Automatic Tool Changer (ATC)

Model Number: STM6090C

Sale Price: $6000.00 to $20000.00

Small CNC router machine 6090 with automatic tool changer (ATC) and 2x3 table size is designed for those who need multiple tools for CNC routing projects without enough space for a larger CNC machine.

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