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What You Should Know Before Buying a CNC wood turning lathe machine?

What is CNC wood turning lathe machine?

CNC wood turning is a form of CNC woodworking that is used to create wooden objects on a lathe. CNC wood turning is different  from most other forms of CNC woodworking in that the wood is moving while a stationary tool is used to cut and shape it. Many intricate shapes and designs can be made by CNC wood turning lathe machine.

CNC wood turning lathe is a machine tool that rotates the workpiece on its axis to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation, facing, turning, with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object with symmetry about an axis of rotation.

CNC wood turning lathe is mainly used for various cylindrical workpiece, bowl sharp, tubular sharp and vehicle wood crafts, such as various staircase column, Roman column, general column, tables or chairs legs, washstand, wooden vase, wooden table, baseball bat, car wooden furniture, children' s bed column, etc.

There are two distinct methods of CNC wood turning: spindle turning and bowl or faceplate turning. Their key difference is in the orientation of the wood grain, relative to the axis of the lathe. This variation in orientation changes the tools and techniques used. In spindle turning, the grain runs lengthways along the lathe bed, as if a log was mounted in the lathe. Grain is thus always perpendicular to the direction of rotation under the tool. In bowl turning, the grain runs at right angles to the axis, as if a plank were mounted across the chuck. When a bowl blank rotates, the angle that the grain makes with the cutting tool continually changes between the easy cuts of lengthways and downwards across the grain to two places per rotation where the tool is cutting across the grain and even upwards across it. This varying grain angle limits some of the tools that may be used and requires additional skill in order to cope with it.

In spindle turning, the wood is fixed between 2 points. The spur center digs into the wood and is powered by a motor. The other, a hard center or a live center may be a point or set of points in the tail-stock. In face plate turning, the wood is secured with screws to a faceplate or in a chuck or jig. the tail stock and a center may also be used for added support on large pieces with a faceplate. Most bowls, platters and many vessels are face plate turned, while pens, furniture legs, spindles, and some vessels are spindle turned. The method used may differ depending on the shape of the blank and the technique of the turner, and both methods may be used on the same piece.

When wood is cut in such a way that the fibre being cut is not supported by the fibre below it, it tends to separate and tear. This "tear out" exhibits a rough, highly damaged looking surface texture and greatly reduces the value of any product exhibiting it. The direction of cut is different in spindle turning and faceplate turning because cutting in the wrong direction can cause tear out. Spindle turning cuts are made from high points toward the axis on the outside of the piece, and from the axis toward the outside when hollowing. When faceplate turning, the opposite applies.

CNC Wood Turning Lathe Machine Technical Parameters

ModelSTL1040, STL1516, STL1530, STL3080
Max turning length100mm-1500mm
Max turning diameter20mm-300mm
Maximum feed rate2000mm/min
Minimum setting unit0.1mm
Air pressure0.6-0.8Mpa
Price Range$1,500.00-$8,000.00
Control SystemDSP control system
Main shaft rotating speed0-3000r/min
Transimission typeballscrew for X Z axis, gear for Y axis
PowersupplyAC 380V 3 phase 50HZ/60HZ (220V for option)

CNC wood turning lathe machine

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