Are you looking forward to DIY best budget wood lathe plans or coming up with an idea to buy an affordable CNC wood lathe for turning wood cylinder, wood balusters, stair spindles, roman columns, baseball bats, wood bowls, wood cups, wood vases, table legs, chair legs, sofa legs, ottoman legs, furniture legs, beads, barrels, buddha heads, gourd pendants, wood pens, other wood arts and wood crafts in USA, UK, UAE, Canada, Australia, Russia, South Africa, China, India or other countries from Asia, Europe, North America, South America, Africa, and Oceania?
Review the 2022 best CNC wood turning lathe machine buyer's guide for wood turners, wood fabricators, woodworkers, carpenters, artisans, builders, CNC machinists, operators and beginners, we'll offer you 2022 cheapest CNC lathe machines with custom CNC woodworking service to fit your wood turning projects, ideas, and plans.
A lathe is a type of power tool that is driven by an electric motor to rotate the spindle through a belt and gear transmission system, which drives the workpiece on the spindle chuck to rotate, and then uses the cutting tool fixed on the tool post to perform turning. The main workpiece is round rods. The cutting work includes turning end face, inner and outer diameter, arc, taper, drilling, boring, eccentricity, embossing, cutting, grooving, and turning thread.
Most lathes are equipped with a variety of special tools, which can complete internal and external machining, drilling, threading, cutting grooves, end face machining, turning blanks, turning external circles, drilling center holes, turning holes, reaming, turning tapers, turning forming surfaces, knurling, coiled springs and more processing procedures.
There are two most common types of lathes: metal lathes and wood lathes.
Metal lathe is a type of power metal fabrication tool that uses turning, cutting, grinding or special machining methods to process various metal parts to obtain the required geometric shape, dimensional accuracy and surface quality. Metal lathes are the most widely used and most numerous power tool category. There are many classification methods for metal lathes, and the most commonly used classification method is to classify according to the processing nature of the machine and the cutting tools used. In addition, it can be classified according to the degree of versatility, the working accuracy of the power tool, weight and size, the number of main organs of the power tool, and the degree of automation. The asset scale of the metal lathe industry ranks first among all sub-sectors of power tools, which is much higher than that of other sub-sectors.
For wood lathes, please refer to the following introduction.
Wood lathe is a type of power woodworking tool that rotates the workpiece on its axis to perform various machining operations, including turning, cutting, sanding, broaching, carving, knurling, drilling, deformation or facing with cutters that are applied to the workpiece to create an object with symmetry about an axis of rotation.
There are two common types of power wood turning lathe machines: fully automatic CNC wood lathe and semi-automatic wood lathe. Automatic wood lathes are refer to power tools for woodworking with computer numerical controlled, all the work is automatic from the beginning to the end. Semi-automatic lathe machine is as same as fully automatic lathe machine but the feed work is finished by manually.
A woodworking lathe consists of a bed, a tailstock installed at the end of the guide rail of the bed, a tool holder installed at the middle of the guide rail of the bed, a headstock installed at the head of the bed, a main spindle installed on the headstock, and the chuck on it, the motor installed on the headstock, and the variable speed transmission device installed on the motor spindle.
A wood lathe is also known as wood turning machine, wood turning lathe, wood turning tool, woodworking lathe machine, woodturning lathe machine, lathe machine for wood.
CNC wood lathe is a type of automatic woodworking tool with Computer Numerical Controlled system for rough and fine turning blanks of outer circle, inner hole, end face, tapered surface, grooving, and cutting to realize fully automated machining operation for one-time finished woodworking projects making.
A CNC wood lathe will complete the manufacturing process of a piece of wood without human intervention according to the CNC programming. After the program instructions are input into the memory of the CNC control system, they are compiled and calculated by the computer, and the information is transmitted to the driver to drive the motor through the CNC controller to turn wood with the designed files.
A CNC wood lathe is also known as computer numerical controlled wood lathe, computer-controlled wood lathe, C and C wood lathe, CNC woodworking lathe, CNC wood turning tool, CNC wood turning lathe, CNC wood turning lathe machine, CNC wood lathe machine, CNC lathe machine for wood, CNC turning center.
Semi automatic lathes are designed for craftsman & hobbyists.
Fully automatic lathes are used in small business, home shop, school education, and industrial manufacturing. Woodworking lathes are used for cylindrical workpiece, tubular sharp, bowl sharp, roman columns, stair spindles, baseball bats, wood balusters, wood cups, wood bowls, wood vases, table legs, chair legs, sofa legs, ottoman legs, furniture legs, barrels, beads, buddha heads, gourd pendants, wood pens, wood crafts, and wood arts. You can call it as stair spindles turning machine, wood cylinder turning machine, wood balusters turning machine, wood bowls turning machine, wood columns turning machine, table legs turning machine, wood vases turning machine, wood crafts turning machine, baseball bats turning machine.
CNC wood turning is a form of CNC woodworking that is used to create wooden objects with blades. It is different from most of CNC woodworking forms in that the wood is moving while a stationary blade is used to cut and shape it. Many intricate shapes and designs can be made by CNC lathe machines.
In the process of numerical control turning wood, the numerical control device is a special CNC system that controls the numerical control woodworking lathe and completes the automatic machining of the parts. It receives digital parts patterns, process requirements and other information, and performs interpolation machining operations according to a certain mathematical model. As a result, the speed and position of each movement coordinate are controlled in real time to complete the machining of the parts.
The working principle is mainly divided into the following four steps:
Step 1. When turning blanks, first of all, according to the pattern and process plan of the processed parts, write a program list in the format specified by the CNC system used, and record it on the program carrier.
Step 2. Input the program on the program carrier into the numerical control device through the input device.
Step 3. After the numerical control device processes the input program, it sends a command to the servo system of each coordinate.
Step 4. According to the signal sent by the CNC device, the servo system drives the moving parts of the CNC lathe machine through the servo actuator through the transmission device, so that it works in accordance with the prescribed action sequence, speed and displacement, so as to produce the parts in accordance with the drawing.
If you have an idea to buy a cheap wood turning lathe machine, you may wonder how much does the best wood lathe cost? how to get a fair price or final price? The wood turning lathe machine cost all depends on the machine configurations, inlcuding axis, spindles, blades, cutters, power supply, control system, driving system, other hardwares and softwares. The final price range of CNC wood turning lathe machine is from $2800.00 to $11180.00. If you want to buy overseas, the final price need to add the fee of tax, customs clearance and shipping costs.
Centre lathe machine is the most common type. The old transmission was driven by a belt-conducted tower wheel, but now, it has been changed to a gearbox transmission. The advantage of the gearbox is that it can accurately control the speed of the spindle without excessively high spindle speed range, belt friction, or slippage. Because the spindle is placed horizontally, it is also known as a horizontal type. If the bed surface is notched, it is a Gap type.
Bench Top Types
Benchtop lathe machines are also known as desktop lathes and mini lathes. Their type and structure are similar to centre types. They are usually installed on a work table and get their name. They are suitable for the production of precision measuring tools, instruments and small parts.
The main spindle of the vertical lathe is installed vertically, the bed is horizontal, and the workpiece is placed on the rotatable bed. It is especially suitable for turning large diameter but short length workpieces.
Turret lathe machines are also known as hexagonal lathes, which are designed to replace the tailstock of ordinary lathes with a hexagonal rotating turret. Especially suitable for processing a large number of workpieces in a variety of processing procedures (such as drilling, reaming, boring), and suitable for mass production.
The automatic lathe can automatically turn the workpiece according to the processing order. After the turning is completed, it will automatically retract the tool, feed the material, and perform the turning of the next finished product, which is suitable for mass production of smaller diameter workpieces.
It is also known as profiling or imitation turning lathe, which uses the stylus to move in accordance with the shape of the model or template, and the turning tool also moves the turning work accordingly, so it can turn the workpiece exactly as the model.
The full name is "Computerized Numerical Controlled Wood Lathe Machine", or "CNC Wood Lathe Machine" for short. The advantage is that it is suitable for processing workpieces with large quantities, complex designs and high precision requirements. High-end CNC lathes are also known as CNC turning centers.
|Model||STL0410, STL0810, STL1512, STL1516, STL1530, STL2030, STL2530|
|Max Turning Length||3000mm|
|Max Turning Diameter||300mm|
|Maximum Feed Rate||2000mm/min|
|Minimum Setting Unit||0.1mm|
|Price Range||$2,800.00 - $11,180.00|
|Transimission Type||Ballscrew for X/Z axis, Gear for Y axis|
The headstock, also known as the drive center, is located on the left side. It consists of a transmission mechanism (belt-conducted tower wheel transmission, gear transmission, etc.) and a hollow spindle with Morse taper. The rear part of the main shaft is equipped with a gear, which is connected with the tower wheel or gear of the transmission mechanism to drive the main shaft to run. The front part of the spindle can be equipped with chuck, face plate and other fixtures to clamp the workpiece. (The advantage of the hollow spindle is that it reduces the weight of the spindle and can hold long workpieces. It can also be used with cutting tools to realize automatic loading and unloading.)
The main motor drives the main shaft to rotate through the transmission chain including the intermediate gear rod and the spindle high and low speed conversion rod. The main shaft drives the Ball Screw or Feed Rod under the control of the tumbler gear and the gearbox to realize the linkage between the main shaft rotation and the feed of the tool post.
Ball Screw is called a screw, and Feed Rod is called a smooth screw, both of which are named after its thread (screw) and smooth surface.
The lead screw is used for thread turning. The rotation of the main shaft drives the lead screw through the set of gear transmission pairs in the gearbox to drive the screw at a determined speed ratio. A nut that is cut in half is installed in the tool post, which can be fastened on the thread of the screw when closed, and then drives the tool post to move at a certain speed (one revolution of the spindle, how long the tool post moves) to cut the thread .
Smooth bars are used for turning smooth outer surfaces (or knurling). A keyway is cut on it, and a sliding gear in the tool holder is sleeved on the light bar to receive the movement. At this time, the knife is moved by a rack mounted under the bed. The difference with the lead screw is that the speed ratio of the main shaft and the smooth rod is not fixed, and the transmission chain of the fast feed motor can be connected through the clutch, so that the smooth rod rotates quickly to drive the tool post to quickly approach the workpiece and save processing time.
The tool post movement power switch is a four-to-five-position (that can be moved on a cross-shaped track) handle. It can be moved up and down to change the rotation direction of the light bar. The middle position cuts off the transmission chain from the spindle, stops the rotation of the light bar and prevents Movement interference, and then pull left and right to turn on the fast feed motor to implement fast feed. There are also some types of machines, the handle can only be moved up and down (two directions and three positions), and the fast cutting tool is a separate handle installed on the carriage box.
If the built-in gear of the gearbox cannot meet the processing requirements, you can open the cover of the change gear cover, hang a gear with a specific number of teeth on the shaft, and move the handle to select the change gear to move according to the set transmission ratio of the change gear. Knife.
The bed is a large basic part made of cast iron construction that has undergone quaternization. There are two high-precision V-shaped guide rails and rectangular guide rails, the guide rails are generally made by high-frequency hardening treatment. The guide rail is divided into two parts to guide the carriage and tail stock to move. A lead screw is installed under the bed. The screw will match the rotation speed of the main shaft and can cooperate with the automatic feed mechanism of the tool seat to perform threading and workpiece knurling (or embossing).
The cross-sectional shape of the bed has different design styles according to the manufacturing plant, and it can be roughly divided into two types: British and American lathe.
The slide box is framed on the bed, and the hanging part on the side is equipped with a transmission mechanism to receive movement from the lead screw and the smooth rod, and drive the tool holder mounted above to cut.
Carriage (Tool Holder)
The carriage includes a compound carriage and an automatic feed mechanism. The compound carriage can operate horizontal and longitudinal feed. (The transverse feed direction mentioned here is kept perpendicular to the bed, and the longitudinal feed direction is parallel to the bed, that is, from the perspective of the spindle rather than the operator.) Generally speaking, the longitudinal feed is carried by the slide plate. The large hand wheel (feed hand wheel) on the box is operated and the horizontal feed is operated by the hand wheel on the tool holder. The principle of automatic feed mechanism for threading and workpiece hobbing is to use the workpiece to run at a constant speed, and the tool in the carriage is used for turning blanks at a constant speed and linear movement.
A wood turning tool is clamped on the square tool holder. This part of some machines can hold four turning tools at the same time, and one turning tool is selected for processing with a handle that rotates 90° each time, saving the trouble of frequent tool changes.
The upper seat of the compound tool post can be rotated on the index plate to change the horizontal feed into an oblique feed for machining inclined surfaces.
When the thread/smooth surface cutting control rod is turned to the thread position, the two half nuts in the slide box are buckled on the lead screw, and the transmission chain from the sliding gear on the smooth rod to the rack of the bed is disconnected, and the tool rest is The lead screw drives the thread turning; on the contrary, the smooth screw cooperates with the bed rack to drive the outer circle cutting.
The vertical and horizontal feed control lever controls whether the upper seat of the compound tool post or the horizontal sliding plate is linked with the light bar, that is, whether the tool blade feeds automatically.
The tailstock is located on the right side of the bed. The shaft hole of the tailstock has a morse taper, which can be equipped with drills, reaming cutters and screw taps for inner hole processing. You can also move the tailstock on the guide rail according to the length of the workpiece; at this time, the tailstock can be equipped with the top center to bear the workpiece clamped by the chuck to prevent the workpiece clamped by the chuck from being too long and difficult to clamp .
The bed base includes a bed rail and a bed frame, the lower part is the bed frame; the upper part is the bed rail.
The chuck is a mechanical device used to clamp a workpiece on a lathe machine.
The face plate is a basic fixture accessory, used for wood or metal lathes. It is a round metal (usually cast iron) plate. There are many radial or irregular parallel slender grooves on the face plate, which are used for boring and drilling of larger or irregularly shaped work objects, and work objects that cannot be clamped by other methods.
It is applied to the hole of the processed work object. The two ends of the mandrel are provided with center holes, so that one end is supported by the center and the other end enters the spindle end.
Lathe Center (Tip, Thimble), Retractor (Chuck, Clamp)
The lathe center is used to support the work. It is installed on the spindle end and called the live center, also known as top center or front center.
There are 5 types of lathe centers:
Ordinary lathe center.
Lathe center for small pieces.
Half lathe center for cutting the end face.
Movable lathe center for high-speed cutting.
Umbrella lathe center for tubes or hollow cylinders.
Retractor, the hollow part can be used to hold the work.
The heart-shaped retractor is also called a chicken heart chuck, which is usually used to hold round work objects.
Clip-shaped retractor: Clip-shaped retractor is usually used to hold square work objects.
The driven disc is installed on the main shaft, and when it rotates, it rotates the work piece clamped between the two top centers for turning processing.
The collet is mainly responsible for clamping the small diameter work object to the spindle end. It's mainly used for hexagonal and automatic lathes.
It is a stable support which is installed on the tool holder and moves with it to avoid the bending phenomenon of the work.
It is used as an auxiliary tool that cannot be directly installed on the face plate.
V Clamp Block
It is used to determine the center position of the work.
Wood Turning Tool
It is used for turning the appearance of work objects.
The high-efficiency and functional "CNC wood lathe" is developed through CNC technology and other mechanical technologies. It can process complex rotary wood products or semi-finished wood products. It is a special power tool developed in accordance with the requirements and the features of the woodworking industry, and the combination of woodworking operation habits. Through CNC technology to control mechanical actions, it is possible to process complex shapes of rotary wood projects or semi-finished wood projects such as cylinders, cones, curved surfaces, and spheres. It is especially suitable for the mass production of small and medium-sized woodworking shops. The shape can be flexibly set at any time and the processing style can be quickly changed.
1. The use of high-reliability CNC controller ensures reliable work stability, after-sales service, installation and deployment;
2. The operation interface is simple and friendly, with full text prompts and a simple setting method for direct input of the size;
3. Driven by a high-precision stepping motor, the accuracy of the processing size is ensured through program calculation;
4. Two-axis can process two at the same time, and a single-axis can be equipped with a chuck, which has high efficiency and low energy consumption;
5. The learning time is short, 30 minutes to understand the programming method, 30 minutes to understand the operation process, 30 minutes to understand the equipment maintenance method, and one week can achieve proficient operation;
6. Fully-enclosed or semi-enclosed guards are adopted for CNC lathe machines, and closed guards are used to prevent chips or cutting fluid from flying out, causing accidental injury to the operator;
7. Most CNC woodworking lathes with automatic chip removal device adopt a slant bed structure layout, which is convenient for chip removal and easy to adopt automatic chip removal machine;
8. The spindle speed is high, and the workpiece clamping is safe and reliable. Most CNC lathes use hydraulic chucks, which are convenient and reliable to adjust the clamping force, and at the same time reduce the labor intensity of the operators;
9. All CNC lathe machines with automatic tool changer adopt an automatic rotary tool post, which can automatically change the tool blade during the machining process to continuously complete the processing of multiple procedures;
10. The main drive and feed drive of CNC lathe machine adopt independent servo motors to make the transmission chain simple and reliable. At the same time, each motor can move independently or realize multi-axis linkage.
1. The sale price is higher, and the first investment in equipment is large;
2. Higher technical requirements for operation and maintenance personnel;
3. When turning complex shapes of wood projects, manual programming requires a lot of work.
$2800.00 - $3100.00
The mini benchtop wood lathe is an entry level lathe machine on desktop or table top for beginners with craftsman hobbyists to make small wood arts and crafts turning works, such as wood beads, wood bowls, wood cups, wood pens, Buddha heads, and most woodworking projects. Now the best cheap mini lathe machine for sale at low price.
$4980.00 - $5180.00
Small wood lathe for beginners is a type of hobby CNC woodworking tool with wood turning blades instead of handheld wood turning tools for wood balusters, baseball bats, stair spindles, roman columns, wood bowls, vases, cups, table legs, chair legs, sofa legs, ottoman legs, beads, barrels, buddha heads, gourd pendants, wood arts and wood crafts. The small wood lathe with CNC controller is used for school education, craftsman, hobbyists, small business, and home shop.
$6080.00 - $6980.00
2022 best wood CNC lathe machine is used for table legs, bowl sharps, vases, mugs, cups, goblets, wood crafts, baseball bats, and various cylindrical woodturning projects. Now the best wood lathe for sale at affordable price.
$7880.00 - $8280.00
Profitable automatic CNC wood lathe machine is equipped with double axis for turning table legs, bed rails, chair legs, staircases, stairway newel posts, stairway balusters, and baseball bats. Now the beneficial automatic wood lathe for sale at low price.
$7280.00 - $9880.00
2022 top rated automatic feeding CNC lathe machine is suitable for mass production with the same wood turning designs, the CNC lathe machine can automatic loading raw timber, automatic centering, automatic turning according to the CNC program, saving time and labor to improve the working efficiency.
$8880.00 - $10180.00
4 axis CNC wood turning lathe machine is a heavy duty large wood lathe used for 3D turning & broaching, 3D carving & cutting patterns with the additional spindle, now the best 4 axis CNC wood lathe for sale at affordable price.
$6380.00 - $7680.00
Double axis automatic CNC wood lathe is designed for cylindrical workpiece, tubular sharp and vehicle wood crafts such as baseball bats, staircase columns, pillar, roman columns, general columns, table legs, chair legs, and more cylinders.
$8780.00 - $9080.00
Automatic 3 axis wood lathe machine for commercial use with three turning axis can turn 3 cylinders with max 120mm diameter and 1500mm length at the same time. The turning length of 3 axis wood lathe machine can be customized to 2000mm, 2500mm or 3000mm.
$9180.00 - $11180.00
2022 best ATC CNC wood lathe is equipped with automatic tool changer system, 4th axis, and large long bed, the 4 axis ATC CNC wood lathe is used for 3D turning and carving baseball bats, roman columns, table legs, sofa feet, wood bowls, vases, spindles, and balusters.
$7180.00 - $7680.00
Hobby wood lathe machine for custom woodworking with CNC controller, single spindle and double cutters is designed for small business, craftsman, or industrial manufacturing, hobby CNC wood lathe machine is used for turning the complex shape of wood spindles, balusters, and cylinders.
$7680.00 - $8180.00
Industrial wood turning lathe machine with CNC controller is a full size lathe for table legs, stair spindles, stair balusters, roman columns, staircase columns, tubular sharps, bowl sharps, vehicle wood crafts, baseball bats, general columns, chair legs, or sofa legs.
$7580.00 - $8080.00
2022 best budget affordable wood CNC lathe machine is used for turning complex shape of rotary or semi-finished woodworking projects, such as stair handrails, stair railing, balusters, and more stair parts. Now the cheap CNC wood lathe machine for sale at affordable price.
$11500.00 - $13000.00
Multifunctional CNC wood lathe is a large heavy duty lathe machine equipped with three independently controlled cutting tools, 1st turning blade for roughing the square wood to be shapes designed, 2nd milling tool for twisting or fluting, 3rd producing one-off bespoke turnings. A sanding head with narrow belt to sand turned or straight profiles is optional.
Feb 25, 2022
This video shows how does dual axis CNC wood lathe machine with dual spindles work for custom woodturning projects and DIY wood turning plans with fine details and high speed.
Aug 01, 2022
Small CNC lathe machine is a popular wood turning power tools for woodworking, which is mainly designed for craftsman in home shop with hobbyists.
Feb 25, 2022
This is a video of mini wood lathe setup, installation and demonstration for beginners, which is the best woodturning tools for popular woodworking.
Feb 25, 2022
How to use wood lathe to make wooden furniture legs and furniture feet? including table legs, chair legs, cabinet feet, round bun feet, square bun feet, ogee feet, sofa legs, queen anne legs.
Feb 28, 2022
STL0810-2 small wood lathe is one new designed mini wood turning machine with CNC system for customers with limited space in workshop, it features all the functions for wood turning of stair handrail, vase, bowl, baseball bats, wood crafts, etc.
Sep 13, 2021
This video will show you what is a CNC wood turning lathe? How does a CNC lathe machine works? How to choose and buy an affordable CNC wood lathe machine?
Feb 25, 2022
Looking for a power lathe machine for rolling pins making to roll out pasta, cookie, and pizza dough for your baking plans or cake decorating? Review the rolling pins making machine for turning, sanding, broaching, knurling, facing, or carving wooden rolling pins.
Apr 18, 2022
Heavy duty CNC lathe machine is used for turning various stair balusters, roman columns, general columns, bed columns, table legs, and more wooden columns.
Jan 07, 2020
CNC wood bowl lathe machine is suitable for turning various projects of cylindrical work piece, bowl sharp, tubular sharp, and vehicle wood crafts.
Aug 01, 2022
Looking for a cheap wood lathe machine for natural wood beads, treenware, wooden drinking cups, and more wood crafts, review the best wood crafts turning projects with benchtop CNC lathe machine for woodworking.
Apr 10, 2021
Hobby CNC wood lathe is used for various cylinders, bowl sharp, tubular sharp and vehicle wood crafts, such as various staircase column, roman column, general column, table legs, chair legs, washstand, and wooden vase.
Feb 25, 2022
Find the best wood turning machine projects for dining table legs, end table legs, coffee table legs and kitchen table legs, as a good reference to buy a suitable large long bed CNC wood lathe.
Feb 19, 2022
Find free wooden bowls making projects by small CNC wood turning machine from STYLECNC, which will be a good reference to buy a mini wood bowl lathe machine.