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Last Updated on Jan 16, 2023 by 4 Min Read

CNC vs. Manual Wood Lathe with Handheld Turning Tools

The traditional wood lathe machine is slow, the operator can not leave the machine, the operation requirements are high, the stability of the lathe is poor and complex. The operator need long time to learn, easy to make mistakes, high rate of defective products, processing speed is slow, processing quality is unstable, the surface roughness of the workpiece directly affects the next grinding process difficulty, but also makes the operation time. Labor intensity and difficulty are relatively large, when the part of the workpiece is hard, it is easy to break the workpiece and injure people, which is a safety problem that needs attention.

A Comparison of CNC Wood Lathe and Manual Wood Lathe with Handheld Turning Tools

STYLECNC fully automatic CNC wood lathe is not only suitable for processing slender wood, but also can process coarse wood, and features with wide application range of soft and hardness of processing materials, the surface of the workpiece after processing is brighter than the existing manual wood lathe processing parts, including the base, bed, program control system, spindle box, center board, tool carrier moving system, tail. The seat and machine lubrication system is characterized by: program control system, spindle box, tailstock, tool holder moving system, machine lubrication system installed on the bed, the bed and the base connected as one, it is used for woodworking.

CNC wood lathe is not only able to process completely symmetrical wooden rod parts, they are also able to make highly difficult processing of heterosexual components, such as table legs, baseball bats, bowls, vases, special-shaped crafts and so on.

It takes about 10 minutes for a table leg to be machined with a CNC wood router, and about 2 minutes for a fully automatic CNC wood lathe, which also includes rough grinding. Does this processing efficiency greatly improve the machining efficiency and quality of parts?

What are the advantages of automatic CNC wood lathe compared with manual wood lathes?

1. Adaptability to processing objects.

Because it only needs to reprogram to process new parts when changing parts on NC wood lathe, unlike traditional manual wood lathe, it does not need to manufacture and replace many tools, fixtures and measuring tools, nor does it need to readjust the lathe. Therefore, CNC wood lathe can quickly change from one part to another, which provides great convenience for single piece, small batch and trial-produce new products, not only shortens the production preparation cycle, but also saves a lot of tool costs.

2. Automatic operation mode.

Compared with the traditional lathe, the automation level of CNC woodworking machine tool has been greatly improved. CNC wood lathe does not require workers to operate the equipment at all times, but just before processing the drawings are programmed into the CNC lathe computer using a programming language, the computer will actively analyze, through the central processing unit to command the operation of the equipment. This kind of numerical control machine tool is a great relief for manpower and greatly improves the accuracy of delivery.

3. High machining accuracy.

CNC wood lathe is manufactured with instructions given in digital form. At present, the pulse equivalent of CNC woodworking device can generally reach 0.001 mm, and the backlash of feed chain and the error of screw pitch can be compensated by CNC device, so CNC wood lathe can achieve higher machining accuracy. The quality stability is determined by the necessary measures taken in the structural design of NC lathe and the characteristics of mechanical and electrical integration. Firstly, the ball screw nut structure and clearance eliminating structure are used to reduce the mechanical transmission error as much as possible, secondly, the software precision compensation technology is used to further reduce the mechanical error; thirdly, the program control machining is used to reduce the influence of human factors on the machining accuracy. These measures not only ensure the NC wood lathe higher processing accuracy, but also ensure the stability of higher processing quality.

4. The quality of processing is good.

Compared with the traditional manual wood lathe, the CNC wood lathe is not only suitable for processing slender wood, but also can process coarse wood, and has the characteristics of wide range of application of soft and hard materials, the surface of the workpiece after processing is brighter than the traditional manual lathe.

5. One machine is prolific, and improving work efficiency is imperative.

In traditional lathe, one product is processed intelligently at a time, while the automatic computer-controlled wood lathe with double-axis double-blade can process two same products at the same time. Simple operation, easy drawing, easy to understand, one-button conversion of product styles, no professional knowledge personnel can operate with a little training. And the fully automatic wood lathe can operate 2-3 sets at the same time by one person, greatly improving the processing efficiency, saving labor and money, bringing good economic benefits. The time needed for parts processing includes two parts: the mobile time and the auxiliary time. NC lathe can effectively reduce these two parts of the time, so the processing productivity is much higher than the manual lathe. The range of spindle speed and feed of NC lathe is larger than that of ordinary lathe. The most suitable cutting parameters can be selected for each process. At the same time, good structural stiffness also allows CNC lathe to carry out heavy cutting parameters, effectively saving the motor time. The acceleration and deceleration measures are adopted in the fast moving and positioning of moving parts of NC lathe, so the high speed of empty stroke is chosen, which consumes much less time in fast moving, fast retreating and positioning than the ordinary lathe. The precision of the computer numerical controlled lathe is relatively stable, generally only for the first part of the inspection and sampling inspection of key dimensions between processes, thus reducing the inspection time. In the use of CNC wood lathe with tool depot and automatic tool changing device, multi-process continuous processing is realized on one lathe, which reduces the turnaround time of semi-finished products and improves production efficiency more obviously.

Further Reading

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